Breath-by-breath O2 uptake ( VO2 , L min-1) and blood lactate concentration were measured before, during exercise, and recovery in six kata and six kumite karate Word Champions performing a simulated competition. VO2max ; maximal anaerobic alactic, and lactic power were also assessed. The total energy cost (VO2TOT ; mL kg-1 above resting) of each simulated competition was calculated and subdivided into aerobic, lactic, and alactic fractions. Results showed that (a) no differences between kata and kumite groups in VO2max ; height of vertical jump, and Wingate test were found; (b) VO2TOT were 87.8 ± 6.6 and 82.3 ± 12.3 mL kg-1 in kata male and female with a performance time of 138 ± 4 and 158 ± 14 s, respectively; 189.0 ± 14.6 mL kg-1 in kumite male and 155.8 ± 38.4 mL kg-1 in kumite female with a predetermined performance time of 240 ± 0 and 180 ± 0 s, respectively; (c) the metabolic power was significantly higher in kumite than in kata athletes (p 0.05) in both gender); (d) aerobic and anaerobic alactic sources, in percentage of the total, were significantly different between gender and disciplines (p 0.05), while the lactic source was similar; (e) HR ranged between 174 and 187 b min-1 during simulated competition. In conclusion, kumite appears to require a much higher metabolic power than kata, being the energy source with the aerobic contribution predominant.

Energetics of karate (kata and kumite techniques) in top-level athletes.

DORIA, CHRISTIAN;FANO' ILLIC', Giorgio;PIETRANGELO, Tiziana
2009-01-01

Abstract

Breath-by-breath O2 uptake ( VO2 , L min-1) and blood lactate concentration were measured before, during exercise, and recovery in six kata and six kumite karate Word Champions performing a simulated competition. VO2max ; maximal anaerobic alactic, and lactic power were also assessed. The total energy cost (VO2TOT ; mL kg-1 above resting) of each simulated competition was calculated and subdivided into aerobic, lactic, and alactic fractions. Results showed that (a) no differences between kata and kumite groups in VO2max ; height of vertical jump, and Wingate test were found; (b) VO2TOT were 87.8 ± 6.6 and 82.3 ± 12.3 mL kg-1 in kata male and female with a performance time of 138 ± 4 and 158 ± 14 s, respectively; 189.0 ± 14.6 mL kg-1 in kumite male and 155.8 ± 38.4 mL kg-1 in kumite female with a predetermined performance time of 240 ± 0 and 180 ± 0 s, respectively; (c) the metabolic power was significantly higher in kumite than in kata athletes (p 0.05) in both gender); (d) aerobic and anaerobic alactic sources, in percentage of the total, were significantly different between gender and disciplines (p 0.05), while the lactic source was similar; (e) HR ranged between 174 and 187 b min-1 during simulated competition. In conclusion, kumite appears to require a much higher metabolic power than kata, being the energy source with the aerobic contribution predominant.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/135304
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