Background/aim: The mechanism of valproic acid (VPA)-induced teratogenicity is poorly known. This study was carried out to probe into the potential consequences of nitric oxide (NO) deprivation on VPA teratogenicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On gestation day 8, mice were injected with a non-teratogenic dose (20 mg/kg) of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl esther (L-NAME). Thirty minutes later, animals received a teratogenic dose of VPA (400 or 500 mg/kg). Developmental end-points were evaluated near the end of gestation. RESULTS: After treatment with VPA at 400 mg/kg, 35.2% of fetuses exhibited skeletal teratogenesis. The rate of skeletally affected fetuses significantly increased to 53.7% after L-NAME co-administration. In the group treated with VPA at 500 mg/kg group, L-NAME pre-treatment increased the incidence of exencephaly from 5.4% to 22.2%. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of NO synthesis can result in an enhancement of VPA-induced teratogenesis.

Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis enhances teratogenic effects induced by valproic Acid.

TIBONI, Gian Mario;CHIARELLI, Francesco;VERROTTI DI PIANELLA, Alberto
2013

Abstract

Background/aim: The mechanism of valproic acid (VPA)-induced teratogenicity is poorly known. This study was carried out to probe into the potential consequences of nitric oxide (NO) deprivation on VPA teratogenicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On gestation day 8, mice were injected with a non-teratogenic dose (20 mg/kg) of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl esther (L-NAME). Thirty minutes later, animals received a teratogenic dose of VPA (400 or 500 mg/kg). Developmental end-points were evaluated near the end of gestation. RESULTS: After treatment with VPA at 400 mg/kg, 35.2% of fetuses exhibited skeletal teratogenesis. The rate of skeletally affected fetuses significantly increased to 53.7% after L-NAME co-administration. In the group treated with VPA at 500 mg/kg group, L-NAME pre-treatment increased the incidence of exencephaly from 5.4% to 22.2%. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of NO synthesis can result in an enhancement of VPA-induced teratogenesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/452883
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