This paper presents a new predictive formula for the shear capacity evaluation of reinforced concrete members subjected to combined axial, bending, and shear forces. The formula is based on a tensorial approach to concrete shear resistance that is very similar to the one used in the shear-enhanced fiber beam element. The total shear resistance is broken down into the contribution of concrete and contribution of shear reinforcement. The concrete contribution to the shear resistance is calculated using a normal-shear stress failure envelope. Normal (longitudinal) stresses are calculated from axial and bending forces acting on the concrete member. In the formulation, a number of simplifications are made to keep the formula as simple as possible but still sufficiently accurate. The resulting formulation, although capable of accounting for all of the major variables that influence the shear strength, including size effect, remains particularly simple and with a compact notation. The predictions of the proposed formula are compared with those used by the American Concrete Institute (ACI), the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Eurocode, and the International Federation for Structural Concrete (fib) model code, and its accuracy is checked against a vast experimental database available in the literature. Results and comparisons are very encouraging and confirm the soundness of the underlying mechanical model. The capability of this model to provide a unified approach for reinforced and unreinforced members opens up the possibility to extend the application of the proposed formula to engineered cementitious composites, such as fiber-reinforced concrete.

Rational approach to prediction of shear capacity of RC beam-column elements

Marcantonio Paola Rita;Petrangeli Marco
2015

Abstract

This paper presents a new predictive formula for the shear capacity evaluation of reinforced concrete members subjected to combined axial, bending, and shear forces. The formula is based on a tensorial approach to concrete shear resistance that is very similar to the one used in the shear-enhanced fiber beam element. The total shear resistance is broken down into the contribution of concrete and contribution of shear reinforcement. The concrete contribution to the shear resistance is calculated using a normal-shear stress failure envelope. Normal (longitudinal) stresses are calculated from axial and bending forces acting on the concrete member. In the formulation, a number of simplifications are made to keep the formula as simple as possible but still sufficiently accurate. The resulting formulation, although capable of accounting for all of the major variables that influence the shear strength, including size effect, remains particularly simple and with a compact notation. The predictions of the proposed formula are compared with those used by the American Concrete Institute (ACI), the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Eurocode, and the International Federation for Structural Concrete (fib) model code, and its accuracy is checked against a vast experimental database available in the literature. Results and comparisons are very encouraging and confirm the soundness of the underlying mechanical model. The capability of this model to provide a unified approach for reinforced and unreinforced members opens up the possibility to extend the application of the proposed formula to engineered cementitious composites, such as fiber-reinforced concrete.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/608714
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