Purpose Prospective detection of patients with advanced rectal cancer (LARC) who have a higher probability of responding to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) may provide individualized therapy. Lipidomics is an emerging science dedicated to the characterization of lipid fingerprint involved in different pato-physiological conditions. The purpose of this study is to highlight a typical lipid signature able to predict the tumor response to CRT. Experimental Design A prospective global analysis of lipids in 54 sera from 18 LARC patients treated with preoperative CRT was performed. Samples were collected at 3 time points: before (T0), at 14th day and at 28th day of CRT. An open LC-MS/MS analysis was performed to characterize lipid expression at T0. Differential lipids were validated by an independent approach and studied during treatment. Results From 65 differential lipids highlighted between responder (RP) vs not responder (NRP) patients, five lipids were validated to predict response at T0: SM(d18:2/18:1), LysoPC (16:0/0:0), LysoPC (15:1(9z)/0:0), Lyso PE (22:5/0:0) and m/z= 842.90 corresponding to a PC containing 2 fatty acids of 40 carbons totally. The levels of these lipids were lower in NRP before treatment. The ROC curve obtained by combining these five lipid signals showed an AUC of 0.95, evidence of good sensitivity and specificity in discriminating groups. Conclusion Our results are in agreement with previous evidences about the role of lipids in determining the tumor response to therapy and suggest that the study of serum lipid could represent a useful tool in prediction of CRT response and in personalizing treatment.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.