Nowadays sigma-1 receptors are considered as new therapeutic objectives for central nervous system neurodegenerative diseases. Among different molecules, alpha lipoic acid has been identified as a natural potent antioxidant drug, whose therapeutic efficacy is limited by its many drawbacks, such as fast metabolism, poor bioavailability and high physico-chemical instability. Alfa-lipoic acid derivatives have been recently developed demonstrating their neuroprotective activity and effectiveness in different types of oxidative stress. In this work, two derivatives containing an amide or an ester functional group with different lipophilicity, were selected for their important affinity for sigma-1 receptors. Herein, in order to improve the in vitro stability and antioxidant effectiveness of alpha-lipoic acid derivatives, we focused our efforts in the nanoencapsulation strategies. Aqueous-core nanocapsules for the delivery of the hydrophilic compound and nanostructured lipid carrier for the lipophilic derivative, were properly designed and prepared using a direct or inverse eco-friendly organic solvent-free procedure. All nanosystems were characterized in terms of mean size, polydispersity, stability, morphology, encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release profiles. In order to evaluate the nanocarriers biocompatibility and antioxidant effectiveness, in vitro biological studies (cell viability, total antioxidant capacity and total oxidative status) were developed on primary human whole blood cell cultures, on both unloaded and derivatives-loaded nanodevices.

Nanoencapsulation strategies for the delivery of novel bifunctional antioxidant/σ1 selective ligands

CACCIATORE, Ivana;TURKEZ, HASAN;DI STEFANO, Antonio;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Nowadays sigma-1 receptors are considered as new therapeutic objectives for central nervous system neurodegenerative diseases. Among different molecules, alpha lipoic acid has been identified as a natural potent antioxidant drug, whose therapeutic efficacy is limited by its many drawbacks, such as fast metabolism, poor bioavailability and high physico-chemical instability. Alfa-lipoic acid derivatives have been recently developed demonstrating their neuroprotective activity and effectiveness in different types of oxidative stress. In this work, two derivatives containing an amide or an ester functional group with different lipophilicity, were selected for their important affinity for sigma-1 receptors. Herein, in order to improve the in vitro stability and antioxidant effectiveness of alpha-lipoic acid derivatives, we focused our efforts in the nanoencapsulation strategies. Aqueous-core nanocapsules for the delivery of the hydrophilic compound and nanostructured lipid carrier for the lipophilic derivative, were properly designed and prepared using a direct or inverse eco-friendly organic solvent-free procedure. All nanosystems were characterized in terms of mean size, polydispersity, stability, morphology, encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release profiles. In order to evaluate the nanocarriers biocompatibility and antioxidant effectiveness, in vitro biological studies (cell viability, total antioxidant capacity and total oxidative status) were developed on primary human whole blood cell cultures, on both unloaded and derivatives-loaded nanodevices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/668358
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