Naturally occurring coumarins 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, and umbelliprenin are able to modulate the biosynthesis of melanin in murine Melan-a cells probably through the interaction with selected biological targets like estrogen receptor β and aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Such a modulation strictly depends on the individual structure of the coumarin: the presence of a 3,3-dimethylallyloxy side chain is a structural determinant for tanning activation whereas a farnesyl one leads to the opposite effect. The parent compound with a free OH group, umbelliferone, did not provide any interaction. Other coumarins assayed, having shorter chains and/or being substituted in other positions, and prenyloxypsoralens, were not active or not further investigated in this context being cytotoxic at low doses.

Natural oxyprenylated coumarins are modulators of melanogenesis

Fiorito S;Epifano F
;
Preziuso F;Cacciatore I;Di Stefano A;Genovese S
2018-01-01

Abstract

Naturally occurring coumarins 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, and umbelliprenin are able to modulate the biosynthesis of melanin in murine Melan-a cells probably through the interaction with selected biological targets like estrogen receptor β and aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Such a modulation strictly depends on the individual structure of the coumarin: the presence of a 3,3-dimethylallyloxy side chain is a structural determinant for tanning activation whereas a farnesyl one leads to the opposite effect. The parent compound with a free OH group, umbelliferone, did not provide any interaction. Other coumarins assayed, having shorter chains and/or being substituted in other positions, and prenyloxypsoralens, were not active or not further investigated in this context being cytotoxic at low doses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/692598
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