Background: FUL represents a ET option for pts whose endocrine sensitive locally or advanced breast cancer (LABC) has progressed after an antiestrogen. The 500 mg monthly represents the actual standard dose showing a disease control rate of 45%-72% and a progression free survival (PFS) ranging from 6.5 to 23 months (mo) depending on treatment line. To evaluate the efficacy of FUL in unselected LABC pts we performed an observational prospective trial. Methods: Eligible pts were women with LABC suitable ET who received previous treatment with either an antiestrogen or an aromatase inhibitor (AI) as a first-line therapy, or relapsing while on or within 1 year from completion of adjuvant ET. Primary end point was the clinical benefit rate (CBR), defined as complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) plus stable disease (SD) lasting >24 weeks. Secondary end points were overall survival (OS), PFS and tolerability. Results: 163 consecutive eligible pts were enrolled. Pts characteristics: median age 68 ys, PS 0/1 in 95% of pts, adjuvant ET administered in 75%, 55% had received first-line ET (11 tamoxifen, 78 AIs), 44% had visceral disease, 30% bone disease, 52% had more than one site of disease. Overall, CBR was reached in 59% of pts (CR + PR + SD, 95%CI 51-66). Median PFS was 7 mo (95%CI 6-8), mOS 35 mo (95%CI 24-46). Analysis of safety did not show any relevant toxicity, no serious adverse event has been observed. In the multivariate analysis, visceral involvement showed to be prognostic factor for PFS (HR 1.60 95%CI 1.13-2.27, p 0.008), whereas previous ET in advanced setting (HR 2.11, 95%CI 1,27-3.29, p 0.004) and >1 site of metastases (HR 2.53 95%CI 1.54-4.22, p <0.0001) were prognostic factors for OS. Estrogen receptor level expression >50% (OR 3.49 95%CI 1.30-9.38, p 0.01), 1 site of metastases (OR 2.21 95%CI 1.08-4.50, p 0.03) and no previous ET for advanced disease (OR 2.24 95%CI 1.1-4.58, p 0.03) were predictive factors for CBR. Conclusion: In this prospective trial, FUL showed to be a safe and active treatment and confirm the efficacy of the 500 mg dose. Treatment was very well tolerated. As expected, pts who had received first-line ET have a worse outcome and a reduced CBR.

Fulvestrant (FUL) 500 milligrams as endocrine therapy (ET) for hormone sensitive advanced breast cancer patients (pts). The Ful500 prospective observational trial

Clara Natoli;Laura Iezzi;
2016

Abstract

Background: FUL represents a ET option for pts whose endocrine sensitive locally or advanced breast cancer (LABC) has progressed after an antiestrogen. The 500 mg monthly represents the actual standard dose showing a disease control rate of 45%-72% and a progression free survival (PFS) ranging from 6.5 to 23 months (mo) depending on treatment line. To evaluate the efficacy of FUL in unselected LABC pts we performed an observational prospective trial. Methods: Eligible pts were women with LABC suitable ET who received previous treatment with either an antiestrogen or an aromatase inhibitor (AI) as a first-line therapy, or relapsing while on or within 1 year from completion of adjuvant ET. Primary end point was the clinical benefit rate (CBR), defined as complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) plus stable disease (SD) lasting >24 weeks. Secondary end points were overall survival (OS), PFS and tolerability. Results: 163 consecutive eligible pts were enrolled. Pts characteristics: median age 68 ys, PS 0/1 in 95% of pts, adjuvant ET administered in 75%, 55% had received first-line ET (11 tamoxifen, 78 AIs), 44% had visceral disease, 30% bone disease, 52% had more than one site of disease. Overall, CBR was reached in 59% of pts (CR + PR + SD, 95%CI 51-66). Median PFS was 7 mo (95%CI 6-8), mOS 35 mo (95%CI 24-46). Analysis of safety did not show any relevant toxicity, no serious adverse event has been observed. In the multivariate analysis, visceral involvement showed to be prognostic factor for PFS (HR 1.60 95%CI 1.13-2.27, p 0.008), whereas previous ET in advanced setting (HR 2.11, 95%CI 1,27-3.29, p 0.004) and >1 site of metastases (HR 2.53 95%CI 1.54-4.22, p <0.0001) were prognostic factors for OS. Estrogen receptor level expression >50% (OR 3.49 95%CI 1.30-9.38, p 0.01), 1 site of metastases (OR 2.21 95%CI 1.08-4.50, p 0.03) and no previous ET for advanced disease (OR 2.24 95%CI 1.1-4.58, p 0.03) were predictive factors for CBR. Conclusion: In this prospective trial, FUL showed to be a safe and active treatment and confirm the efficacy of the 500 mg dose. Treatment was very well tolerated. As expected, pts who had received first-line ET have a worse outcome and a reduced CBR.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/699400
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact