The aim of this 10-year retrospective study was to evaluate the long-term reliability, survival rate and mechanical and biological complications of single-crown implant rehabilitations with two different types of fixture-abutment connections: screw-retained abutments (SRAs) with internal hexagonal connection, and cemented retained abutments (CRAs). A total of 300 single implant-supported crowns were analysed, which had been inserted between 2004 and 2007. Patients were classified according to two groups: the SRA group (n = 150) and the CRA group (n = 150). The primary outcome was marginal bone loss (MBL) on peri-apical radiographs. Bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were also evaluated. Moreover, prosthetic complications were recorded. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to evaluate the differences between the groups. The overall implant failure rate was 4.2%. The overall positive BOP index was 81.9% of the sites under investigation, as 83.4% for SRA and 80.4% for CRA. Moreover, >5 mm PD demonstrated a rate of 21.0% for CRA, and 13.8% for SRA. The primary outcome of mean MBL was 2.09±1.07 mm for SRA and 1.54±1.20 mm for CRA. Analysis of variance of MBL showed statistical significance for the difference between these two groups (P less than 0.001). For the mechanical aspects, an overall 12.5% of complications occurred. No implant or abutment fractures were recorded. Although complications occurred, the results from this 10-year retrospective study show that these two methods have positive long-term follow-up. With MBL significantly greater for the SRA group than the CRA group, the clinical use of CRA is encouraged in terms of the lower bone resorption rate.

A 10-year retrospective comparative human study on screw-retained versus cemented dental implant abutments

Sinjari B.;D'Addazio G.;Traini T.;Varvara G.;Scarano A.;Murmura G.;Caputi S.
2019

Abstract

The aim of this 10-year retrospective study was to evaluate the long-term reliability, survival rate and mechanical and biological complications of single-crown implant rehabilitations with two different types of fixture-abutment connections: screw-retained abutments (SRAs) with internal hexagonal connection, and cemented retained abutments (CRAs). A total of 300 single implant-supported crowns were analysed, which had been inserted between 2004 and 2007. Patients were classified according to two groups: the SRA group (n = 150) and the CRA group (n = 150). The primary outcome was marginal bone loss (MBL) on peri-apical radiographs. Bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were also evaluated. Moreover, prosthetic complications were recorded. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to evaluate the differences between the groups. The overall implant failure rate was 4.2%. The overall positive BOP index was 81.9% of the sites under investigation, as 83.4% for SRA and 80.4% for CRA. Moreover, >5 mm PD demonstrated a rate of 21.0% for CRA, and 13.8% for SRA. The primary outcome of mean MBL was 2.09±1.07 mm for SRA and 1.54±1.20 mm for CRA. Analysis of variance of MBL showed statistical significance for the difference between these two groups (P less than 0.001). For the mechanical aspects, an overall 12.5% of complications occurred. No implant or abutment fractures were recorded. Although complications occurred, the results from this 10-year retrospective study show that these two methods have positive long-term follow-up. With MBL significantly greater for the SRA group than the CRA group, the clinical use of CRA is encouraged in terms of the lower bone resorption rate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706056
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