Deletions of the SHOX gene (Xp22-Yp11.3) are associated with Leri–Weill dyschondrosteosys (LWD) and idiopathic short stature. It has been estimated that SHOX deletions occur in 1,000–2,000 individuals in the total population, suggesting that this alteration should be investigated in all cases with unexplained short stature. SHOX deletions are currently investigated using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or molecular analysis of intragenic CA repeats. However, both techniques show some limitations. In the present study, the use of the multiple ligation probe amplification (MLPA) assay for the identification and characterization of SHOX deletions in 15 LWD patients, 3 of which carriers of chromosome abnormalities involving the SHOX gene, is reported. MLPA analysis demonstrated the heterozygous deletion of SHOX in seven patients (46.6%), disclosing the presence of two different proximal breakpoints. In patients with abnormal karyotype, MLPA analysis was able to identify the chromosomal rearrangement, showing, in addition to the SHOX deletions, the gain or loss of other genes mapped on the X and Y chromosomes. Since MLPA analysis can be carried out on a simple buccal swab, avoiding invasive peripheral blood collection, this technique represents a fast, simple and high throughput approach in the screening of SHOX deletions, able to provide more information as compared to FISH and microsatellite analysis.

Identification and characterization of different SHOX gene deletions in patients with Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosys by MLPA assay

Gatta V.;Antonucci I.;Morizio E.;Palka C.;Calabrese G.;Stuppia L.
2007

Abstract

Deletions of the SHOX gene (Xp22-Yp11.3) are associated with Leri–Weill dyschondrosteosys (LWD) and idiopathic short stature. It has been estimated that SHOX deletions occur in 1,000–2,000 individuals in the total population, suggesting that this alteration should be investigated in all cases with unexplained short stature. SHOX deletions are currently investigated using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or molecular analysis of intragenic CA repeats. However, both techniques show some limitations. In the present study, the use of the multiple ligation probe amplification (MLPA) assay for the identification and characterization of SHOX deletions in 15 LWD patients, 3 of which carriers of chromosome abnormalities involving the SHOX gene, is reported. MLPA analysis demonstrated the heterozygous deletion of SHOX in seven patients (46.6%), disclosing the presence of two different proximal breakpoints. In patients with abnormal karyotype, MLPA analysis was able to identify the chromosomal rearrangement, showing, in addition to the SHOX deletions, the gain or loss of other genes mapped on the X and Y chromosomes. Since MLPA analysis can be carried out on a simple buccal swab, avoiding invasive peripheral blood collection, this technique represents a fast, simple and high throughput approach in the screening of SHOX deletions, able to provide more information as compared to FISH and microsatellite analysis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/707611
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