PURPOSE: To compare tumor detectability and conspicuity of standard b = 1000 s/mm2 (b1000) versus ultrahigh b = 2000 s/mm2 (b2000) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in rectal cancer. METHODS: Fifty-five patients for a total of 81 3T DWI-MR scans were retrospectively evaluated by two differently experienced readers. A comparison between b1000 and b2000 for tumor detectability and conspicuity was performed. The conspicuity was qualitatively and quantitatively assessed by using three-point scale and whole tumor volume manual delineation, respectively. Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) with area under the curve (AUC) analysis provided diagnostic accuracy in tumor detectability of restaging MR scans. Qualitative scores and quantitative features including mean signal intensity, variance, 10th percentile and 90th percentile, were compared using the Wilcoxon test. Interobserver agreement (IOA) for qualitative and quantitative data was calculated using Cohen's Kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively. RESULTS: Diagnostic accuracy was comparable between b1000 and b2000 for both readers (p > 0.05). Overall quality scores were significantly better for b2000 than b1000 (2.29 vs 1.65 Reader 1, p = 0.01; 2.18 vs 1.69 Reader 2, p = 0.04). IOA was equally good for both b values (k = 0.86 b1000, k = 0.86 b2000). Quantitative analysis revealed more uniform signal (measured in variance) of b2000 in both healthy surrounding tissue (p < 0.05) and tumor (p < 0.05), with less outliers (measured using 10th and 90th percentile). Additionally, b2000 offered lower mean signal intensity in tissue sorrounding the tumor (p < 0.05). Finally, ICC improved from 0.92 (b1000) to 0.97 (b2000). CONCLUSION: Ultrahigh b value (b2000) may improve rectal cancer conspicuity and introbserver agreement maintaining comparable diagnostic accuracy to standard b1000.

Tumor detectability and conspicuity comparison of standard b1000 and ultrahigh b2000 diffusion-weighted imaging in rectal cancer

Delli Pizzi A.;Caposiena D.;Mastrodicasa D.;Trebeschi S.;Seccia B.;DI FLAMMINIO, FILIPPO MARIA;Chiacchiaretta P.;Caravatta L.;Di Sebastiano P.;Caulo M.;Genovesi D.;
2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare tumor detectability and conspicuity of standard b = 1000 s/mm2 (b1000) versus ultrahigh b = 2000 s/mm2 (b2000) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in rectal cancer. METHODS: Fifty-five patients for a total of 81 3T DWI-MR scans were retrospectively evaluated by two differently experienced readers. A comparison between b1000 and b2000 for tumor detectability and conspicuity was performed. The conspicuity was qualitatively and quantitatively assessed by using three-point scale and whole tumor volume manual delineation, respectively. Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) with area under the curve (AUC) analysis provided diagnostic accuracy in tumor detectability of restaging MR scans. Qualitative scores and quantitative features including mean signal intensity, variance, 10th percentile and 90th percentile, were compared using the Wilcoxon test. Interobserver agreement (IOA) for qualitative and quantitative data was calculated using Cohen's Kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively. RESULTS: Diagnostic accuracy was comparable between b1000 and b2000 for both readers (p > 0.05). Overall quality scores were significantly better for b2000 than b1000 (2.29 vs 1.65 Reader 1, p = 0.01; 2.18 vs 1.69 Reader 2, p = 0.04). IOA was equally good for both b values (k = 0.86 b1000, k = 0.86 b2000). Quantitative analysis revealed more uniform signal (measured in variance) of b2000 in both healthy surrounding tissue (p < 0.05) and tumor (p < 0.05), with less outliers (measured using 10th and 90th percentile). Additionally, b2000 offered lower mean signal intensity in tissue sorrounding the tumor (p < 0.05). Finally, ICC improved from 0.92 (b1000) to 0.97 (b2000). CONCLUSION: Ultrahigh b value (b2000) may improve rectal cancer conspicuity and introbserver agreement maintaining comparable diagnostic accuracy to standard b1000.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
DelliPizzi2019_Article_TumorDetectabilityAndConspicui.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Dimensione 1.43 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.43 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/709584
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact