Introduction: The purpose of this study was to perform a mid-long-term clinical and radiographic evaluation of the results obtained in patients older than 75 years treated with minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). The hypothesis was that UKA is a viable solution for the definitive treatment of localized disease in this age group, with good results and a low failure rate. Methods: An all-poly tibial component UKA was applied with a minimally invasive technique. Sixty-seven knees in patients with a minimum age of 75 years were evaluated at mean 9 years' follow-up. The Oxford knee score, Knee Society Score, WOMAC score, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain self-assessment and range of motion (ROM) were determined, as well as weight-bearing antero-posterior and laterolateral radiographs. Results: All clinical scores, as well as VAS and ROM, improved significantly at 9-year follow-up, and the outcome was considered good or excellent in 92.6% of the patients. Radiographic results showed that both tibial plateau angle and posterior tibial slope angles were maintained, whereas femoro-tibial angle was significantly changed at follow-up. Further analysis showed no significant correlation between clinical scores and body mass index, whereas the clinical outcome was correlated with the ROM obtained. Only two failures and one major post-operative complication were observed. Conclusions: UKA is a viable option for treating unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. With the proper indications and an accurate technique UKA may be indicated also in very elderly patients with reduced complications and morbidity, and excellent survivorship.

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients over 75 years: a definitive solution?

BRUNI, DANILO;
2016

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to perform a mid-long-term clinical and radiographic evaluation of the results obtained in patients older than 75 years treated with minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). The hypothesis was that UKA is a viable solution for the definitive treatment of localized disease in this age group, with good results and a low failure rate. Methods: An all-poly tibial component UKA was applied with a minimally invasive technique. Sixty-seven knees in patients with a minimum age of 75 years were evaluated at mean 9 years' follow-up. The Oxford knee score, Knee Society Score, WOMAC score, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain self-assessment and range of motion (ROM) were determined, as well as weight-bearing antero-posterior and laterolateral radiographs. Results: All clinical scores, as well as VAS and ROM, improved significantly at 9-year follow-up, and the outcome was considered good or excellent in 92.6% of the patients. Radiographic results showed that both tibial plateau angle and posterior tibial slope angles were maintained, whereas femoro-tibial angle was significantly changed at follow-up. Further analysis showed no significant correlation between clinical scores and body mass index, whereas the clinical outcome was correlated with the ROM obtained. Only two failures and one major post-operative complication were observed. Conclusions: UKA is a viable option for treating unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. With the proper indications and an accurate technique UKA may be indicated also in very elderly patients with reduced complications and morbidity, and excellent survivorship.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/726672
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