Background: COVID-19 patients present with delirium during their hospitalization. Aims: To assess the incidence of delirium in hospitalized COVID-19 patients and analyze the possible association with demographic, clinical, laboratory, and pharmacological factors. Methods: COVID-19 patients were assessed for clinical signs of delirium and administered the assessment test for delirium and cognitive impairment (4AT) and the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) scales. Results: Out of the 56 patients of our cohort, 14 (25.0%) experienced delirium. The use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) (enoxaparin 1 mg/kg/daily) was less frequent in patients with delirium (p = 0.004) and was accompanied by lower C reactive protein (CRP) levels (p = 0.006). Discussion: The use of LMWH was associated with absence of delirium, independently of comorbidities and age. Conclusions: The use of LMWH may help preventing the occurrence of delirium in COVID-19 patients, with possible reduction of length of stay in the hospital and sequelae.

Low molecular weight heparin in COVID-19 patients prevents delirium and shortens hospitalization

D'Ardes D.;Carrarini C.;Russo M.;Dono F.;Speranza R.;Digiovanni A.;Martinotti G.;Di Iorio A.;Onofrj M.;Cipollone F.;Bonanni L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 patients present with delirium during their hospitalization. Aims: To assess the incidence of delirium in hospitalized COVID-19 patients and analyze the possible association with demographic, clinical, laboratory, and pharmacological factors. Methods: COVID-19 patients were assessed for clinical signs of delirium and administered the assessment test for delirium and cognitive impairment (4AT) and the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) scales. Results: Out of the 56 patients of our cohort, 14 (25.0%) experienced delirium. The use of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) (enoxaparin 1 mg/kg/daily) was less frequent in patients with delirium (p = 0.004) and was accompanied by lower C reactive protein (CRP) levels (p = 0.006). Discussion: The use of LMWH was associated with absence of delirium, independently of comorbidities and age. Conclusions: The use of LMWH may help preventing the occurrence of delirium in COVID-19 patients, with possible reduction of length of stay in the hospital and sequelae.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/736876
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