Nutritional intake impacts the human epigenome by directing epigenetic pathways in normal cell development via as yet unknown molecular mechanisms. Consequently, imbalance in the nutritional intake is able to dysregulate the epigenetic profile and drive cells towards malignant transformation. Here we present a novel epigenetic effect of the essential nutrient, NAD. We demonstrate that impairment of DNMT1 enzymatic activity by NAD‐promoted ADP‐ribosylation leads to demethylation and transcriptional activation of the CEBPA gene, suggesting the existence of an unknown NAD‐controlled region within the locus. In addition to the molecular events, NAD-treated cells exhibit significant morphological and phenotypical changes that correspond to mye-loid differentiation. Collectively, these results delineate a novel role for NAD in cell differ-entiation, and indicate novel nutri‐epigenetic strategies to regulate and control gene expression in human cells.

NAD modulates dna methylation and cell differentiation

Gaggi G.;Ghinassi B.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Nutritional intake impacts the human epigenome by directing epigenetic pathways in normal cell development via as yet unknown molecular mechanisms. Consequently, imbalance in the nutritional intake is able to dysregulate the epigenetic profile and drive cells towards malignant transformation. Here we present a novel epigenetic effect of the essential nutrient, NAD. We demonstrate that impairment of DNMT1 enzymatic activity by NAD‐promoted ADP‐ribosylation leads to demethylation and transcriptional activation of the CEBPA gene, suggesting the existence of an unknown NAD‐controlled region within the locus. In addition to the molecular events, NAD-treated cells exhibit significant morphological and phenotypical changes that correspond to mye-loid differentiation. Collectively, these results delineate a novel role for NAD in cell differ-entiation, and indicate novel nutri‐epigenetic strategies to regulate and control gene expression in human cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/761281
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