Encapsulation of olive leaves extracts (OLE), rich of healthy components like Oleuropein, Hydroxytyrosol and Verbascoside, represents a new challenge to improve stability and nutritional value of food as well as a way to recover value added compounds from by-products, contributing to a more sustainable food system. In this context, OLE-loaded microbeads of Na alginate alone or in combination with Pectin, Na Caseinate or Whey protein isolates, were produced by emulsification internal ionotropic gelation. Encapsulation efficiency of the main phenolic compounds (Oleuropein, Hydroxytyrosol, Verbascoside) was carried out along with microparticles morphological characterization by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal properties by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and color. Encapsulation efficiency resulted higher for Alginate/Pectin, whilst Alginate/Caseinate was the less performing system, probably due to the lower interaction with polyphenols. SEM revealed collapsed structures and continuous smooth surfaces for Alginate and Alginate/Pectin microbeads while more regular structures and porous surfaces were observed for Alginate/Caseinate and Alginate/Whey proteins. Higher hue angle and lower chroma values were observed for all the beads with respect to the pure extract, indicating a reduction of the yellow/brown color. DSC highlighted higher thermal stability for the microbeads in comparison to the original ingredients, showing also new thermal transitions related to bonds formation between polymers and OLE.

Alginate-based microparticles structured with different biopolymers and enriched with a phenolic-rich olive leaves extract: A physico-chemical characterization

Flamminii F.
Primo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Encapsulation of olive leaves extracts (OLE), rich of healthy components like Oleuropein, Hydroxytyrosol and Verbascoside, represents a new challenge to improve stability and nutritional value of food as well as a way to recover value added compounds from by-products, contributing to a more sustainable food system. In this context, OLE-loaded microbeads of Na alginate alone or in combination with Pectin, Na Caseinate or Whey protein isolates, were produced by emulsification internal ionotropic gelation. Encapsulation efficiency of the main phenolic compounds (Oleuropein, Hydroxytyrosol, Verbascoside) was carried out along with microparticles morphological characterization by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermal properties by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and color. Encapsulation efficiency resulted higher for Alginate/Pectin, whilst Alginate/Caseinate was the less performing system, probably due to the lower interaction with polyphenols. SEM revealed collapsed structures and continuous smooth surfaces for Alginate and Alginate/Pectin microbeads while more regular structures and porous surfaces were observed for Alginate/Caseinate and Alginate/Whey proteins. Higher hue angle and lower chroma values were observed for all the beads with respect to the pure extract, indicating a reduction of the yellow/brown color. DSC highlighted higher thermal stability for the microbeads in comparison to the original ingredients, showing also new thermal transitions related to bonds formation between polymers and OLE.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/785948
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