Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) represents just the tip of the iceberg of the complex metabolic alterations associated with obesity and other clinical conditions associated to impaired adipose tissue storage. Summary: Available data have suggested the presence of a continuous spectrum of metabolic alterations developed in the progression from insulin resistance (IR) to T2D, most of which are likely preventable through the early characterization of all the multiple risk factors involved. Therefore, the complete characterization of the natural history of the disease and the major modifiable factors represents a milestone in the daily care of young subject at risk for the development of impaired glucose metabolism early in life. This review will focus on the main components defining the risk of IR and T2D in childhood with a specific focus on the main aspects of treatment options available in children and adolescents. Key messages: Impaired adipose tissue storage documented in obesity results in a continuous spectrum of metabolic alterations ranging from IR to T2DM. These metabolic alterations are mostly likely preventable through the early characterization of all the multiple risk factors involved. The complete characterization of the disease and of the major modifiable factors represent a milestone in the daily care of young subject at risk for the development of impaired glucose metabolism early in life.

Early Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes, and Treatment Options in Childhood

Polidori N.;Mainieri F.;Chiarelli F.;Mohn A.;Giannini C.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) represents just the tip of the iceberg of the complex metabolic alterations associated with obesity and other clinical conditions associated to impaired adipose tissue storage. Summary: Available data have suggested the presence of a continuous spectrum of metabolic alterations developed in the progression from insulin resistance (IR) to T2D, most of which are likely preventable through the early characterization of all the multiple risk factors involved. Therefore, the complete characterization of the natural history of the disease and the major modifiable factors represents a milestone in the daily care of young subject at risk for the development of impaired glucose metabolism early in life. This review will focus on the main components defining the risk of IR and T2D in childhood with a specific focus on the main aspects of treatment options available in children and adolescents. Key messages: Impaired adipose tissue storage documented in obesity results in a continuous spectrum of metabolic alterations ranging from IR to T2DM. These metabolic alterations are mostly likely preventable through the early characterization of all the multiple risk factors involved. The complete characterization of the disease and of the major modifiable factors represent a milestone in the daily care of young subject at risk for the development of impaired glucose metabolism early in life.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/786230
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