Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) represents 90% of malignant epithelial cancer that occurs in the oral cavity. The c-Myc factor is expressed in multiple types of cancer, comprising head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), where it plays a fundamental role in tumor prognosis and in the self-renewal of tumor stem cells. However, the role of c-Myc in controlling OSCC cells is not well-known. The aim of the present study is the evaluation of the biological roles and regulatory mechanism of c-Myc in the pathogenesis of OSCC. Results indicated that c-Myc, c-Jun, Bcl-2, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), ERK 1/2 and pERK1/2 were overexpressed in a cellular model of squamous cell carcinoma, Cal-27. Doxorubicin (Doxo), a common chemotherapeutic agent, inhibited cell invasion, hypoxia, angiogenesis and inflammation in a cellular model of Cal-27 cells as indicated by downregulation of MMP-9, VEGF, ERK 1/2 and pERK 1/2 as well as promoted apoptosis as evidenced by the downregulation of Bcl-2 protein. This work aimed at underlying the functional relevance of c-Myc in OSCC and the HIF-Myc collaboration by integrating the knowledge on this molecular link in an OSCC tumor microenvironment. The results obtained showed for the first time the vital role of c-Myc in Cal-27 in cell survival/proliferation and tumor growth as well as the negative regulatory effect of Doxo against c-Myc signaling pathway.

C-Myc Expression in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Molecular Mechanisms in Cell Survival and Cancer Progression

Marconi G. D.
Primo
;
Della Rocca Y.;Fonticoli L.;Melfi F.;Carradori S.;Pizzicannella J.
;
Trubiani O.;Diomede F.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) represents 90% of malignant epithelial cancer that occurs in the oral cavity. The c-Myc factor is expressed in multiple types of cancer, comprising head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), where it plays a fundamental role in tumor prognosis and in the self-renewal of tumor stem cells. However, the role of c-Myc in controlling OSCC cells is not well-known. The aim of the present study is the evaluation of the biological roles and regulatory mechanism of c-Myc in the pathogenesis of OSCC. Results indicated that c-Myc, c-Jun, Bcl-2, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), ERK 1/2 and pERK1/2 were overexpressed in a cellular model of squamous cell carcinoma, Cal-27. Doxorubicin (Doxo), a common chemotherapeutic agent, inhibited cell invasion, hypoxia, angiogenesis and inflammation in a cellular model of Cal-27 cells as indicated by downregulation of MMP-9, VEGF, ERK 1/2 and pERK 1/2 as well as promoted apoptosis as evidenced by the downregulation of Bcl-2 protein. This work aimed at underlying the functional relevance of c-Myc in OSCC and the HIF-Myc collaboration by integrating the knowledge on this molecular link in an OSCC tumor microenvironment. The results obtained showed for the first time the vital role of c-Myc in Cal-27 in cell survival/proliferation and tumor growth as well as the negative regulatory effect of Doxo against c-Myc signaling pathway.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/788113
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact